Flash Setups

Built-in Flash

All modern Minolta AF cameras have a built-in flash. It has the following characteristics:

Dedicated Flash

A dedicated flash is mounted on the camera or attached to the camera by cables. The first series of Minolta AF cameras had the ISO flash shoe. Newer Minolta cameras and most Sony DSLR and SLT cameras have the newer iISO shoe. The latest Sony SLT and ILCE cameras have the Multi Interface shoe. You can mount old Minolta AF flashes on new cameras and vice versa using adapters, as well as flashes with the iISO shoe on Multi Interface cameras and vice versa.

Dedicated flashes typically have a higher guide number than built-in flashes, they carry extra batteries, have zooming reflectors and AF illuminators, can tilt and swivel and support additional flash metering modes like pre-flash metering and ADI. See the Flash table to see which Minolta/Sony flash supports which feature.

Wired Flash

Minolta uses a wiring system with 4-wire cables. With this system you can build a TTL-capable wired remote flash system. Most flash functions are still available when using wired flash. The camera can shoot at shutter speeds up to the x-sync speed. Flash modes like ADI are not supported when the flash is off-camera.

The cabling system also allows to attach more than one flash to the camera, and all work in TTL mode.

With modern cameras you use the cable OC-1100/FA-CC1AM to attach the flash to the camera. The OS-1100/FA-CS1AM has an iISO flash foot at one end, the Minolta flash plug at the other end and a coiled 4-wire cable in between. This cable can be extended with the cable EX/FA-EC1AM, which consists of a flash plug, a flash socket and 1 meter of coiled cable. You can use several cables EX/FA-EC1AM to get a really long cable.

The OC-1100/FA-CC1AM cable plugs into a socket at the side of several flash units. Other flash units do not have this socket. For these, you need the OS-1100/FA-CS1AM flash shoe. You mount the flash on the OS-1100/FA-CS1AM like you would mount it on the camera. The OS-1100/FA-CS1AM provides the flash plug socket, a plastic ISO foot (without contacts) and 1/4" threads. The OS-1100/FA-CS1AM is also useful when you like to mount the flash on a bracket or tripod.

With new Multi-Interface cameras or flashes the cabling is slightly different. To attach a cable to the camera you use a Sony FA-CS1M. This connector does not have a cable attached, but has a Sony/Minolta 4-wire flash socket. So you need a Minolta CD/Sony FA-MC1AM cable to attach to the FA-CS1M. The other end of the cable either attaches directly to a flash with a built-in socket, or (for flashes without a socket) to another FA-CS1M (Multi-Interface shoe) or a OS-1100/FA-CS1AM (iISO shoe). To extend the cable you can use cables EX/FA-EC1AM as with an iISO system.

See the Flash Table to see which Minolta/Sony flash unit has a built-in socket.

Wireless Flash

This section is out of date with regard to the HVL-F32M and will be updated soon.

Some camera bodies and some flashes support using the flash off-camera without cables. The flash is triggered by the camera body wirelessly. Most bodies use the built-in flash to control the remote flash, or a suitable dedicatated flash mounted on the camera. There is also a separate Wireless Flash Controller. It was primarily intended for the Dynax/Maxxum 9xi which was capable of wireless flash but did not have a built-in flash. The Wireless Flash Controller also works on many later bodies. However, it's discontinued, and some of the latest bodies no longer support it.

With this system, the built-in flash not only triggers the remote flash, but also can stop it. Minolta's wireless flash system therefore is capable of TTL flash metering. The remote flash is not triggered by a simple light pulse like slave flashes. Instead, the body uses a series of coded pulses to control the remote flash. These coded pulses are emitted by the built-in flash. They are weak in intensity, but depending on the lighting situation they may be visible in the picture. To avoid this the Wireless Flash Controller can be used (if supported by the body).

With wireless flash you can also trigger multiple remote flashes. All are started and stopped by the body, so the system still works in TTL mode.

Minolta's wireless flash system uses four channels, and a flash unit can listen on one of the four channels. The camera controls one channel, and all flashes assigned to that one channel are triggered. The body learns the channel by having the flash mounted on the body when switching to wireless flash. This allows to have more than one set of flashes in the same area, each controlled by a different camera. Some flashes support only two of the four channels.

There are three generations of the wireless flash protocol. The characteristics are:

Generation 1: Analog wireless flash

Generation 2: Wireless HSS and digital

Generation 3: Digital ratio flash

The following table gives an overview of different wireless setups and the devices involved:

SetupCamera (Minolta Dynax or Sony Alpha)ControllerRemote FlashNotes
Analog Wireless Flash
  • built-in flash
  • 3500xi
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5400xi
  • 5400HS
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
ratio flash possible, up to 2 groups
  • 9
  • 9ti
  • 9xi
  • 800si
  • 7 (all variants)
  • 700si
  • 600si
  • 3500xi
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5400xi
  • 5400HS
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
ratio flash possible, up to 2 groups
  • 7 (all variants)
  • 60
  • 5
  • built-in flash
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
only with exposure times shorter than 1/60
Digital Wireless Flash
  • 7D
  • 5D
  • Sony α bodies (except NEX and ILCE)
  • built-in flash
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F43M
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
 
  • DSLR-A700
  • DSLR-A850
  • DSLR-A900
  • SLT-A37
  • SLT-A57
  • SLT-A58
  • SLT-A65
  • SLT-A77
  • ILCA-77M2
  • SLT-A99
  • NEX-6
  • ILCE-6000
  • NEX-7
  • ILCE-7
  • ILCE-7R
  • ILCE-7S
  • HVL-F60M, HVL-F58AM, HVL-F43AM or HVL-F43M in mode CTRL1
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F43M
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
 
  • DSLR-A850
  • DSLR-A900
  • SLT-A37
  • SLT-A57
  • SLT-A58
  • SLT-A65
  • SLT-A77
  • ILCA-77M2
  • SLT-A99
  • NEX-6
  • ILCE-6000
  • NEX-7
  • ILCE-7
  • ILCE-7R
  • ILCE-7S
  • HVL-F60M, HVL-F58AM, HVL-F43AM or HVL-F43M in mode CTRL2
  • HVL-F20AM
  • HVL-F20M
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F43M
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
 
Digital Wireless Flash with ratio control
  • DSLR-A700
  • DSLR-A850
  • DSLR-A900
  • SLT-A37
  • SLT-A57
  • SLT-A58
  • SLT-A65
  • SLT-A77
  • ILCA-77M2
  • SLT-A99
  • ILCE-6000
  • NEX-7
  • HVL-F60M, HVL-F58AM, HVL-F43AM or HVL-F43M in mode CTRL1
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F43M
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
up to 3 flash groups
  • DSLR-A850
  • DSLR-A900
  • SLT-A37
  • SLT-A57
  • SLT-A58
  • SLT-A65
  • SLT-A77
  • ILCA-77M2
  • SLT-A99
  • ILCE-6000
  • NEX-7
  • HVL-F60M, HVL-F58AM, HVL-F43AM or HVL-F43M in mode CTRL2
  • 3600HS(D)
  • 5600HS(D)
  • HVL-F36AM
  • HVL-F56AM
  • HVL-F42AM
  • HVL-F43AM
  • HVL-F43M
  • HVL-F58AM
  • HVL-F60M
up to 2 flash groups

The current Minolta AF/Sony Alpha flash system has grown quite complex, and it is not very well covered in the manuals. That's because this would involve to cover some very basic concepts, and there are many combinations of cameras and flash units with different capabilities that would have to be documented. What I try here is to explain how the Minolta flash system works in detail. This compendium assumes that you have some basic knowledge of photography, ie. you know that an aperture is and you know how a shutter works. Sony has taken over further development of the Minolta A mount (now Sony Alpha mount) and has also kept the Minolta AF flash system with their new DSLRs. When this compedium says "Minolta", the same is true for "Sony Alpha", too, except when noted otherwise.


Readers' comments

#1: Comment posted by Jacques Smit on September 14th, 2009 - 08:09:39 AM:
Hi there this is Jacques here from South Africa again. Ive got mos also the A700. I need some advise. Ive got the Sony 58... flash(best one in the range) and also 3 older minolta flashes. The minolta flashes is not digital. What will be my best possible way to be able to connect all 4 flashes with triggers. I dont have studio light and I was thinking of getting me the lighting stands and the umbrellas and the bounce the flash against the umbrella or through them as a soft box. It makes the sistem mobile. The only thing I need is how to trigger all the flashes? You can publish this on your blog but can you also directly email me. Thanks Michael
Michael Hohner answers:
Obviously you can't use the native wireless trigger system, because it would trigger the 58, but not the other flashes (assuming “older” means “pre-digital”). You could connect all flashes with cables and triple connectors (see table of connectors) to the camera, and the pre-digital flashes will fire at least in manual mode. But this would not be a wireless system, and with at least four cables and one TC (and maybe several off-camera shoes) it would also be not that cheap. As for non-nativ trigger systems, you'd have to buy several adapters for the triggers (if they work at all), and then you'd have a not-so-cheap manual flash system. In that case it may make more sense to sell the older flashes, buy real studio flashes and connect them to the PC connector of the camera.
#2: Comment posted by thunderclouds on December 2nd, 2009 - 03:13:16 AM:
I have the A700 with two F58 flashes. In attempting to set up the wireless ratio control, I find the manual is useless.

I have set the on camera and off camera flashes to CTRL+. Wireless ratio control is set to ON on the controller. Do I set the flashes to TTL or manual mode? Also, when I set the ratio control on, there is a flash ratio control on the middle line of the F58 display. How does this ratio affect the ratios on the bottom line?

I would appreciate your help. Thank you.
Michael Hohner answers:
I don't own this flash, so I'm working from the manual. As I read it the on-camera flash must be set to CTRL+, and the off-camera flash to RMT. If you set the flashes to manual mode, they will fire at the set power level. Combining that with ratio control is pointless. So use TTL mode, and set the ratio on the controller.
#3: Comment posted by Ben on January 11th, 2010 - 02:36:20 AM:
I am trying the off-camera flash with the f58. Is there a way to use the f58 with the F42 with both flashes off camera? Can this be done without having the camera flash (built-in) not fire? I want the camera to fire both the F58 and the F42 at the same time, but don't want the camera's built in to fire... Been searching the net, but no info on this setup..
Michael Hohner answers:
The built-in flash is the controller in such a setup, so it will always fire to control the remote flashes. But since it only sends out control pulses, the intensity is very low. See the section “Wireless Flash” above.
#4: Comment posted by Petronix on January 30th, 2010 - 03:48:39 PM:
The table is a good help!
My A700 with the HVL-F58AM on as controller didn't work with the 3600HS(D)as remote flash. :-(
Thanks for all this informtion!
Kind regards.
#5: Comment posted by Brent Harpur on August 19th, 2010 - 04:04:39 AM:
My question is in regards to using both the HVL-F56AM Sony flash and the newer F58AM flash together shooting wirelessly (not a real word, according to my spell check.) I have noticed in quite a few trials, that even when I ensure that both flashes are equidistant from the camera, the 58 flashes and the 56 does not. Am I supposed to ensure that the red lens on the front of the camera is supposed to be pointing at the body in order to activate? I haven't seen anything in the manual that indicates that, and it doesn't seem to make a difference on the 58. Any ideas?
Michael Hohner answers:
The sensors on the flash are under that red transparent cover, but they pick up light from a wide angle. The often catch the signals from the camera via reflections at surrounding objects. Maybe the sensor of the 56 is just less sensitive than that of the 58.
#6: Comment posted by Richard on August 22nd, 2010 - 12:31:41 AM:
My F56 flash has died and need replacing, but I want something compatible with Dynax 9 film body. Can I use F58? I believe the answer is yes if body mounted, or wired (which shoe/cable?) but less clear if wireless. Can the pop-up flash on the Dynax 9 body activate the F58? (Dynax body has HSS/ADI upgrade too, if that makes any difference).
Michael Hohner answers:
The 9 can not trigger the HVL-F58AM wirelessly. In the table above you can see that there is no line with the 9 in the “Camera” column and the HVL-F58AM in the “Remote Flash” column. The HSS upgrade does not help here, because it does not add Wireless HSS, which would be required.
#7: Comment posted by Muik on August 31st, 2010 - 10:08:48 AM:
I think I know the answer to this question but I need to make sure. Can I use the HVL-F58 (or the Metz 58) as a controller on a Alpha 200/300/350? Is there any possible option to do something like that?
Michael Hohner answers:
It's not possible to use the HVL-F58AM as a controller on a A200/300/350. The camera's built-in flash has to be used as a controller.
#8: Comment posted by Cipriana on September 21st, 2010 - 10:10:26 PM:
Is there a way to connect a pocket wizard to the F58 flash? I want to try some off-camera flash setups and would like to put the F58 on a light stand. I have the hot shoe adapter to put the PW on my A700, but haven't quite been able to find the adapters/connectors that would allow me to connect the other PW to the actual flash unit. Any suggestions?
Michael Hohner answers:
Try the Minolta FS-1200.
#9: Comment posted by John Stricklin on December 16th, 2010 - 02:59:13 AM:
Hi there I have ? can I when using the 58's have one fire at a different time say a second or two later then the initial when using long shutter speeds, I want one to go off at first then the other to follow later before shutter closes
Michael Hohner answers:
I don't see how you can accomplish this out of the box. The flash mode (normal or rear sync) is set at the camera, and it's applied for both flashes.
#10: Comment posted by Brian Pomeranz on January 26th, 2011 - 04:42:17 AM:
Hi, thanks for all your information. I just bought my first a55 and I'm going to buy a flash but can't make up my mind between the Metz 58 af-2 (latest generation, upgradeable firmware, dot matrix display, second fill flash) or the sony HVL F-58 (same rating, perhapps $50 cheaper, same brand as my camera may be a plus for compatibility?). What would you recommend?

PS: Metz upgrated their 58 from AF1 to AF2 barely a few months ago and suposedly made tons of corrections and minor upgrades to it's predecessor, the f1, therefore there is still very little information and reviews on the newely released F2, specially from people that could speak for the Metz model made for Sony and compare it to the Sony HVL F-58 flash.

Thanks.
Michael Hohner answers:
I don't know the Metz flash, so I can't make a comparison. Maybe someone else can.
#11: Comment posted by youpii on May 23rd, 2011 - 09:58:47 AM:
I think non-Alpha flashes from Sony such as hvl-f32x don't work. Maybe you can write it somewhere?
http://www.sony.fr/product/dcc-flashes---lights/hvl-f32x
http://www.dpreview.com/news/0303/03030103sonyhvlf32xpics.asp
Michael Hohner answers:
There are several other older Sony flashes for Cybershot cameras. It should be obvious that these are not compatible with the Alpha system, otherwise they would be mentioned here or in the Flash Table.
#12: Comment posted by gill on June 8th, 2011 - 07:52:14 AM:
Very impressive, informatory site. i have 7xi and 3500xi flash for wireless use. Now i want to add second flash metz 40mz2 with SCA 3301 module. Will metz work wireless ttl like Maxxum own flashes. An old brocheure (1993) of metz catalogue page 30 says:cordless ttl flash control is possible. Before locating sca 3301 I seek your advice and guidance.
Michael Hohner answers:
According to Metz you need the SCA 3302 adapter.
#13: Comment posted by amankk on July 24th, 2011 - 02:32:43 AM:
Very informative Article. A must read technical document very well outlined and described.

Your article helped me. I bought HVL F43am and also an old HVL42am, thinking that F43 will work as controller and F42 as off camera remote flash. But it did not.
Then I have to search Operational Instructions. At last I was able to download the Instructions for F42 and found that it will and can only be operated through the built in Flash.

Many user who will read your well arranged document will be saved from headache.
Thanks to on my behalf and on behalf all Sony Alpha users.
Michael Hohner answers:
Well, these two flashes do work as controller and remote flash, but only with the A700, A850 and A900.
#14: Comment posted by Chris on November 3rd, 2011 - 05:00:26 PM:
Hello! I have 2 HVL-F58AM flash units. I can have them both fire appropriately when they are both off of the camera by controlling them with my camera's built in flash (A77). BUT, when I have one on my camera (controller) and the other is remote when I take a picture the on camera flash never shows up int he picture. I have tried everything to get this to work but the only flas that shows up in the picture is the remote flash. When I look at what the flashes are doing when I take the picture they both seem to be firing two bursts of light together but the on camera flash never shows up in my pictures. Thank you in advance for your help!!!
Michael Hohner answers:
You have to switch the controlling flash to ratio mode and then set a ratio between the controlling flash and the remote flash. See pages 66 (and following) of the HVL-F58AM manual.
#15: Comment posted by Tom on November 23rd, 2011 - 05:34:23 AM:
Hi Chris:
Have you tried flash ratio with both HVL-F58AM flash units off the camera, using the built in flash as the trigger? According to the manual, automatic flash ratio will require a third HVL-F58AM. I was able to wirelessly trigger one HVL-F58AM and a HVL-F56AM with the built in flash on a A65. But both flash was putting out the same amount of light. Luckily I figured out that I can control the flash ratio by setting them in manual mode.
#16: Comment posted by MikeG on November 27th, 2011 - 05:46:35 AM:
There's a lot of information here, almost too much. Anyhow I am using a Sony A850 with the HVL 20 on camera to trigger a Minolta 5600D, Sony HVL-58AM and a Sony HVL-42AM.

I have become somewhat disoriented reading through all this. As I understand it now I have to mount the 5600D to the A850 then remove it in the wireless mode to get it to work wirelessly. The HVL42 and 58 only need to be in the WL mode to function wirelessly. And the HVL58 would be the controller of the 42? What would it control on the 42? I would like to have control over the output at least with 2 flashes being full power and the other at 1/2 power or in the reverse. Does the 5600 or all of the flashes have to be in manual mode and manually adjusted (1/2, 1/4, etc.)? Or is there an easier way to control the ratio, perhaps the 58 controlling the 42?

I am planning on getting another HVL58, 42 or 43 in the near future just to make things a little more complicated.

Man is this confusing.
Michael Hohner answers:
You don't have to put the 5600 on the camera first. You can also set it to wireless mode directly. See pages 34 and 35 of the manual.

If you look at the table above, you'll see that when you use the HVL-F20AM as the controller, you can not have automatic ratio control. For that you have to use a HVL-F58AM or HVL-F43AM as the controller. The controller is the flash on the camera, and it controls the firing and stopping of the remote flash(es).

If you don't have ratio control, all flashes fire up to their maximum GN or until the controller turns them off (all at the same time). So the only way to vary the output among the remote flashes is to vary their distance to the subject, or to switch them to manual mode and vary their output.

If you do use ratio control, you can set a ratio between the remote flashes explicitly, on the controlling flash. See pages 66 and following in the HVL-F58AM manual.

#17: Comment posted by michael bellizzi on December 17th, 2011 - 05:42:46 PM:
hi I need some help. I bought a Sony alpha 300 dslr ( Body only) as I m using my MINOLTA DYNAX lenses.I also have a Jessop 300 AF flashgun dedicated to the minolta dynax 500 super(film). does this flashgun work with the sony dslr and does not harm the camera.thanks. regards michael.
Michael Hohner answers:
Flashes of that age usually don't work well with DSLRs, but they won't damage them, either. See the F.A.Q. for details.
#18: Comment posted by Mupi on March 2nd, 2012 - 04:34:49 PM:
Hello. First of all thank you for this amazing website. Tones of Minolta/Sony info, I deeply appreciate it. So I have a KM5D body and a 3500xi flash. I know 3500xi is not fully compatible with digital bodies, still I get some use of it by controlling exposure in M mode, so it actually works for me. My question is, when in wireless mode, during AEL testing, the 3500xi responds, but when actual shooting takes place, it won't fire. Is there a way to "cheat" it or "hack" it to make it fire during shooting, even if it would be with uncontrolled power? Thank you in advance.
Michael Hohner answers:
With a non-D flash, the wireless test mode ironically is the only thing that works. Actually firing the flash during exposure does not work, and I also don't know any trick that is available for the 3500xi.
#19: Comment posted by Mupi on March 2nd, 2012 - 10:26:04 PM:
I think I just found a workaround kit. It may be of your interest too: http://www.voitzsch.net/index.php/en/flashconv-a-minolta-flash-converter
Regards
#20: Comment posted by Eric Trattner on June 21st, 2012 - 09:40:14 PM:
Dear Michael,

A great BRAVO & THANKS for the great & well-documented site you are keeping alive for the benefit of all :)

I wonder if you could help me out here with the following:

1. Existing gear:

a. I have a 7000 as well as a 7xi body, to which I recently I added an A77V unit as well;

b. I also have one each of the 1800AF, 4000AF & 5400xi flashes; a 1200 Macro (old generation) is also around; contemplating on purchasing an F58AM flash too;

c. Plenty of original Minolta off-camera cables and hot-shoe adapters;

2. Questions:

a. With all the gear above, what workable configurations can I expect to be able to use (both as single on-camera flash and off camera wired/wireless) when using either the 7xi or the A77V bodies (the 7000 is kept more for sentimental reasons, being the first official AF camera on the market ...)?

b. Also, assuming I cannot get my hands on an MFC-1000 controller, what's the best I can do to use the 1200 Macro flash on the A77V (with a 50mm/f2.8 Macro lens)?

Thanks in advance for your support,

MfG,

E. T.
Michael Hohner answers:
Did you read the page above? The table above lists all compatible combinations. If you don't find your combination above, it's not fully compatible. Also read the other pages, especially about Digital Cameras and Flash.
#21: Comment posted by Albert Ng on July 17th, 2012 - 04:52:36 AM:
The A37 also supports Digital Wireless Flash AND Digital Wireless Flash with ratio control. Probably the only unexpected thing out of the A37!
Michael Hohner answers:
Correct. I already had it in the data sheet of the A37, but have not added it here. It's fixed now.
#22: Comment posted by iisrael on December 18th, 2012 - 11:12:05 AM:
el flash HVL-F43AM puede controlar al 3500xi en modo inalambrico saludos desde mexico
#23: Comment posted by Samuel Davis on January 26th, 2013 - 10:34:00 PM:
Is it possible to use a 5400HS as a controller on a Dynax 5 or 505si Super? I've tried setting it as a controller as per the instructions but whenever I try and test fire the flash or press the shutter button half way, the flash just resets to the standard wireless mode (i.e not as a controller)?
Michael Hohner answers:
Note that both the camera and the flash must be set to wireless mode. Please let me know if that works.
#24: Comment posted by Samuel Davis on January 27th, 2013 - 04:10:35 PM:
I've tried it in about every combination possible - the way the instructions say to do it is to set the remote flash to wireless mode, then put the 5400HS in wireless mode, hold down the opt button until 'wireless control' appears and then mount it on the camera. It doesn't specifically say that the wireless mode needs to be turned on on the camera but it doesn't seem to make any difference. The controller/remote should then be able to be test fired but whenever I press the test button (Spot), the screen on the 5400HS just reverts back to 'Wireless' and the control bit disappears, the same thing happens when the shutter is half pressed? Looking around some sources say that only the Dynax 9, 7, 600si and 700si can use it as a controller but it doesn't specifically say in the manual?
Michael Hohner answers:
Unfortunately I do not have these cameras, so I can't try it myself. It may be that the lower-level cameras only support wireless flash with the built-in flash as the controller. The manuals are quite vague about this.

EDIT: After some more reading of the manuals I've updated the above table.
#25: Comment posted by andy Hutchinson on January 30th, 2013 - 01:46:40 PM:
I recently bought a Sony A37 and discovered that I need a wireless digital flash for a photography course I'm on. I want to get a reasonably priced one, Can anybody point me in the right direction? Also, do I need an adaptor for it? If so, where can I get a reasonably priced one? Thanks
Michael Hohner answers:
Go to the Flash overview to get a first idea. Also read the F.A.Q..
#26: Comment posted by Andy Hutchinson on January 30th, 2013 - 04:00:46 PM:
Thank you for your speedy reply Michael.
#27: Comment posted by Eric on February 5th, 2013 - 02:41:35 PM:
Hi, do you know if the built-in pop up flash on the Sony DSC-RX1 can function as a wireless controller?
Michael Hohner answers:
The DSC-RX1 is not a member of the Alpha or NEX systems, and AFAIK it does not support wireless flash control.
#28: Comment posted by busseja on March 12th, 2013 - 04:34:49 PM:
I use the Maxxum Dynax 9 built in flash as the controller for the wireless flash with a 5400HSS as the remote. You can even ratio 2:1 by by releasing the shutter with the Display illumination switch (DIS) held in the on (rightmost) position. Snap with DIS at left = remote is simple slave flash TTL DIS to right = porportional flash. 2:1 with camera providing 1/3 and remote 5400Hs providing 2/3. Same as in the Maxxum 7 without the display interface selection. Of course it is all TTL since only the camera has the distance info.
Michael Hohner answers:
… as described above.
#29: Comment posted by Mark on May 17th, 2013 - 12:39:27 PM:
Hi & great work here. Does anyone know / understand the "MANUAL RATIO" options on the HVL-60. I've asked sony support in February for help, they still have no answers to the question. The question is quite simple, how does one control the ratio in manual ratio mode.
I'm confused with the ratio settings in Manual.
re-posted from Sony forum.

Here's what I've done so far with no success whatsoever.
1. set a99 to wireless flash
2. set on cam flash to ctrl
3. set of cam flash to manual group1
4. set 2nd of cam flash to manual group 2
5. set all flash to 1/2 power for test.
6. set ratio ctrl to 1-16-1
7. set a99 to manual

Test ratio and all flash fire equal power.
Tried re-set, changing all ratio settings, flash power setting, etc.
Can't get any ratio however from ratio control.

So far the only way I am able to set ratios is by manually changing each flash, and although I realise this is the "norm", I don't see why there is a ratio control to eliminate roaming around the room when the ratio control is to my understanding built into the control flash. What am I missing here?
Michael Hohner answers:
I think when you set the remote flashes to a manual power level, they will fire with that power, no matter what. So when you set them all to the same level, they will all fire with the same level. Ratio flash only makes sense if you let the controller adjust power levels, ie. use TTL remote on the remote flashes.
#30: Comment posted by Roland Bader on September 1st, 2013 - 05:18:41 PM:
I habe a SONY alpha57 and a 3600HS (D) flash. That works fine wireless. I want to buy a second flash that fires with the 3600HS (D). Must it be a HVL-F60M, HVL-F58AM, HVL-F43AM or HVL-F43M as mentionend above? Or can I use any other (or even more than one) SONY/Minolta flash, as mentioned on your other page? Thanks a lot.
Michael Hohner answers:
Depends on which flash you want to use to trigger the remote flash. If you want to use the built-in flash as the trigger, two remote 3600HS(D) work just fine (you just can't set a ratio between the remote flashes).

If you want to use the new flash on the camera as the trigger, it must be one from the list above.

#31: Comment posted by Johan de Moor on September 29th, 2013 - 12:17:12 PM:
I use a 58am on my a550. It doesn t react when pushing the ael button. I have also a 36am flash. Is it possible to trigger the 36 with the 58 on camera? Where can i find such info? Thanx! Now funtion 2 is set on ctrl 2. But still with de 58am on camera the 36 am will not react in wl mode grgrgr
Michael Hohner answers:
As you can see in the table above, this combination is not supported. You have to use the A550's built-in flash to control remote flashes.
#32: Comment posted by Christer Almqvist on December 27th, 2013 - 11:58:01 AM:
Thank you for including the Sony ILCEs (A7 and A7r) in the table.
Alles Gute für 2014
#33: Comment posted by Sal on February 12th, 2014 - 11:49:15 AM:
Yesterday I bought new Metz 52 af-2 and confirm that works easilyas master HS on my sony a900 with my Minolta 3600 HS (D) as slave.
A great product whereas the Sony HVL-F43M has the same price.
#34: Comment posted by ken on February 21st, 2014 - 04:39:38 AM:
Hi, I have 5600HS-D and recently purchased sony A7.
can I still use 5600HS-D on sony A7 or I am out of luck and need to purchase the newer ones?

Thank you in advanced for the newbie question. Your advises are greatly appreciated.

Ken
Michael Hohner answers:
You can use the flash, with the ADP-MAA adapter. See the F.A.Q. and the page above.
#35: Comment posted by sal on March 13th, 2014 - 01:56:29 PM:
Can I use a Minolta program D314i on a Sony reflex like a A900?
Michael Hohner answers:
Not really, see “Flash with digital cameras”.
#36: Comment posted by sal on March 13th, 2014 - 02:13:27 PM:
So Minolta program D314i on a Sony a A900 fire at full power always?
Michael Hohner answers:
In theory. The D-314i and D-316i have an additional problem: They do not have their own power supply, and the A900 can not supply power to them. They only work on the Minolta 3000i. See the data sheet of the D-314i.
#37: Comment posted by Martin on March 22nd, 2014 - 05:26:20 AM:
I have the new A7, If I use the HVL-F20M as controller, will it be wireless TTL with my two HVL-F60M ? Thank you ...
Michael Hohner answers:
Yes, see the table above.
#38: Comment posted by Jessica N on August 19th, 2014 - 04:49:23 PM:
Hi, I'm using an a99 with an HVL-F43M as the controller and 42AM as the wireless flash (maybe I misread the table above but it appears to be an acceptable combination). After trying everything, pouring through the manuals, buying a Gary Friedman book and scouring the internet... I cannot get the 42AM to work wirelessly with my 43M as the controller. Any help would be so appreciated! Thank you very much!
Michael Hohner answers:
So did you switch the camera to wireless mode, the HVL-F43M to wireless control mode and the HVL-F42AM to wireless mode, too? What are your other settings? What happens if you press the test button on the HVL-F43M?
#39: Comment posted by Jessica N on August 19th, 2014 - 08:07:39 PM:
Camera is in wireless mode. 43M is on camera in Ctrl+ and 42AM off camera in Wireless on Ch 1. My 43M on-camera does not fire when I hit its test button (that's weird... I didn't notice that before!) Off camera, the 42AM (and 43M when off) fire with test button.
Michael Hohner answers:
Is the HVL-F43M also on channel 1? Is the AF illuminator of the HVL-F42AM blinking to indicate it's ready? You can also trigger a test flash by pressing the AEL button on the camera.

Do you have access to a camera with built-in flash to see if the HVL-F42AM works with the built-in flash as the controller?

If that all does not help, the HVL-F42AM may simply be defective (e.g. wireless receiver not working).
#40: Comment posted by Jessica N on August 29th, 2014 - 05:41:42 AM:
Thank you for mentioning the AF illuminator, it helped me to finally figure it out! There is a tiny button on the hot shoe of the flash units that when depressed, makes the flash think it is on camera. If the adapter or stand the flash is being attached to does NOT have a hole drilled out, the flash comes out of wireless mode! My flashes won't work wirelessly on their stands or on a camera adapter. So frustrating... Here is a better explanation: http://www.dpreview.com/forums/thread/2610833?page=1
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